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Indicators of Well-being in Canada

Definition — Work-related Injuries

The work-related injuries indicator shows the number of cases in which an employee received compensation from a provincial workers' compensation board either for temporary loss of wages following a work-related injury, or exposure to a noxious substance, or for a work-related permanent disability.

Expanded Definition and Methodology

Work-related injuries include injuries, illnesses, diseases or disabilities resulting from work-related accidents or exposure to a noxious substance.

The rate of work-related injuries per 1,000 employees is calculated by dividing the number of reported cases of compensated injuries by the number of employed workers in Canada in a reference year (as reported by Statistics Canada) and multiplying by 1,000. The International Labour Organization uses a similar method for calculating industry-specific rates.

Data Limitations

  • The rate of work-related injury does not include injuries which are not reported to a provincial workers compensation board, nor injuries which are reported but for which no compensation is awarded. The number of compensated injuries shows the extent of more serious work-related injuries.
  • It is important to note that within each jurisdiction, the statistics are consistent over time, but differences may be observed if inter-jurisdictional comparisons are made (for example, specific businesses may be excluded from coverage in certain jurisdictions). Variances may also arise because of differing acts, regulations, operating policies and procedures among jurisdictions.
  • The extent of provincial workers' compensation coverage varies among regions, ranging in 2010 from 71% of the employed labour force in Ontario to 100% in the Northwest and Nunavut Territories. See Association of Workers' Compensation Boards, Key Statistical Measures for 2010. Available from Association of Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada [cited July, 2012].

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